Thermo Fisher Helios 650 Nanolab SEM/FIB


Materials Science, Biological Sciences, Geological Sciences, Defect & Failure Analysis

  • Surface and cross section imaging (topology, chemistry, phase contrast)
  • Orientation imaging
  • Serial milling, imaging and 3D reconstruction
  • TEM and APT specimen preparation


Allen Hunter


Room G025


Publications, presentations, and posters resulting from work on this instrument should state: “The authors acknowledge the financial support of the University of Michigan College of Engineering and technical support from the Michigan Center for Materials Characterization.


  • Accelerating Voltage
    • Electrons: Landing energy 50V to 30 kV
    • Ions: 0.5 kV to 30 kV
  • Beam Current
    • Electrons: 0.8 pA – 26 nA
    • Ions: 0.1 pA – 65 nA
  • Electron Filament: Schottky Field Emitter
  • Detectors
    • Secondary Electron Imaging – Everhart-Thornley Detector (ETD)
    • Secondary Electron Imaging – Through-the-lens Detector (TLD)
    • Backscattered Electron Imaging – Concentric Backscatter Deetector (CBS)
    • Scanning Transmission Imaging – STEM Detector (STEM)
    • Ion Imaging – ICE Detector (ICE)
    • NavCam – CCD Camera for sample navigation
    • In chamber viewing via CCD TV camera
    • EBSD – EDAX Hikari 450 pattern per second capable OIM Camera
    • X-ray – EDAX Apollo XL 30mm² UTW silicon drift detector
  • SEM Resolution
    • 0.8 nm @ 15 kV (TLD-SE)
    • 0.9 nm @ 1 kV (TLD-SE)
  • Ion Resolution
    • 4.0 nm at 30 kV using preferred statistical method
    • 2.5 nm at 30 kV using selective edge method
  • Gas Injectors
    • Platinum
    • Carbon
    • Insulator Deposition
  • Micromanipulator
    • Omniprobe Autoprobe 200
  • Included Software
    • AutoFIB, AutoTEM, 3DEDS, EBS3, Slice and View
  • Stages
    • Leica cryo stage

References and Publications

  1. Alloy Amorphization through Nanoscale Shear Localization at Al-Fe Interface, F.C. Liu, P. Dong, J. Zhang, W. Lu, A. Taub, K. Sun, Materials Today Physics, 15, 100252, 2020
  2. Formation of a Three-Phase Spiral Structure due to Competitive Growth of a Peritectic Phase with a Metastable Eutectic, Y. Wang, J. Gao, Y. Ren, V. de Andrade, A.J. Shahani, JOM, 72, 8, 2965-2973, 2020
  3. Microstructural Responses of Alloy 625 and Alloy 625 Plus Under Ion and Proton Irradiations, L-J. Yu, E.A. Marquis, JOM, 72, 8, 2993-3002, 2020
  4. Dislocation Loop Evolution and Radiation Hardening in Nickel-Based Concentrated Solid Solution Alloys, P. Xiu, Y.N. Osetsky, L. Jiang, G. Velisa, Y. Tong, H. Bei, W.J. Weber, Y. Zhang, L. Wang, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 538, 152247, 2020
  5. Heterogeneous Hydroxyl Radical Oxidation of Isoprene-Epoxydiol-Derived Methyltetrol Sulfates: Plausible Formation Mechanisms of Previously Unexplained Organosulfates in Ambient Fine Aerosols, Y. Chen, Y. Zhang, A.T. Lambe, R. Xu, Z. Lei, N.E. Olson, Z. Zhang, T. Szalkowski, T. Cui, W. Vizuete, A. Gold, B.J. Turpin, A.P. Ault, M.N. Chan, J.D. Surratt, Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 7, 460-468, 2020
  6. Observation of Road Salt Aerosol Driving Inland Wintertime Atmospheric Chlorine Chemistry, S.M. McNamara, K.R. Kolesar, S. Wang, R.M. Kirpes, N.W. May, M.J. Gunsch, R.D. Cook, J.D. Fuentes, R.S. Hornbrook, E.C. Apel, S. China, A. Laskin, K.A. Pratt, ACS Central Science, 6, 684-694, 2020
  7. Mechanisms of Ti and B on Improving Weld Metal Toughness of a Nb-Alloyed Steel, X. Liu, Q. Shi, M. Xu, J. Kang, S. Webb, Materials Science & Engineering A, 788, 139535, 2020
  8. Electro-Chemo-Mechanical Evolution of Sulfide Solid Electrolyte/Li Metal Interfaces: Operando Analysis and ALD Interlayer Effects, A.L. Davis, R. Garcia-Mendez, K.N. Wood, E. Kazyak, K-H. Chen, G. Teeter, J. Sakamoto, N.P. Dasgupta, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 8, 6291-6302, 2020
  9. Li Penetration in Ceramic Solid Electrolytes: Operando Microscopy Analysis of Morphology, Propagation, and Reversibility, E. Kazyak, R. Garcia-Mendez, W.S. LePage, A. Sharafi, A.L. Davis, A.J. Sanchez, K-H. Chen, C. Haslam, J. Sakamoto, N.P. Dasgupta, Matter, 2, 4, 1025-1048, 2020
  10. Focused Ion Beam Lithography to Etch Nano-Architectures into Microelectrodes, S. Mahajan, J.A. Sharkins, A.H. Hunter, A. Avishai, E.S. Ereifej, Journal of Visualized Experiments, 155, 2020
  11. Multi-Step Crystallization of Self-Organized Spiral Eutectics, S. Moniri, H. Bale, T. Volkenandt, Y. Wang, J. Gao, T. Lu, K. Sun, R.O. Richie, A.J. Shahani, Small, 1906146, 2020
  12. Evolution of Microstructure and Nanohardness of SiC Fiber-Reinforced SiC Matrix Composites under Au Ion Irradiation, C. Ye, J. Xue, T. Liu, R. Shu, Y. Yan, Y. Liao, Q. Ren, G. Ren, K. Sun, L. Jiang, P. Xiu, L. Wang, Ceramics International, 46(6), 8165-8173, 2020
  13. Ultra-High Spatial Resolution Selected Area Electron Channeling Patterns, R.D. Kerns, S. Balachandran, A.H. Hunter, M.A. Crimp, Ultramicroscopy, 112915, 2020
  14. Quantification of Solute Topology in Atom Probe Tomography Data: Application to the Microstructure of a Proton-Irradiated Alloy 625, I. Ghamarian, L-J. Yu, E.A. Marquis, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 51, 42-50, 2020
  15. Lake Spray Aerosol Incorporated into Great Lakes Clouds, N. Olson, N.W. May, R.M. Kirpes, A. Watson, K. Hajny, J.H. Slade, P.B. Shepson, B.H. Stim, K.A. Pratt, A.P. Ault, ACS Earth Space Chem., 3(12), 2765-2774, 2019 
  16. Joint Impacts of Acidity and Viscosity on the Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosol from Isoprene Epoxydiols (IEPOX) in Phase Separated Particles, Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, Z. Lei, N. Olson, M. Riva, A.R. Koss, Z. Zhang, A. Gold, J.T. Jayne, D.R. Worsop, T.B. Onasch, J.H. Kroll, B.J. Turpin, A.P. Ault, J.D. Surratt, ACS Earth Space Chem., 3(12), 2646-2658, 2019 
  17. Oxygen effects on ω and α phase transformations in a metastable β Ti-Nb alloy, K. Chou, E.A. Marquis, Acta Materialia, 181, 367-376, 2019
  18. Faceted He-Filled “Pancakes” Confined within Nanoscale Metal Layers, B.K. Derby, J.K. Baldwin, D. Chen, M.J. Demkowicz, Y.Q. Wang, A. Misra, N. Li, JOM, 1-5, 2019
  19. Emulation of Fast Reactor Irradiated T91 using Dual Ion Beam Irradiation, S. Taller, Z. Jiao, K. Field, G.S. Was, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 527, 151831, 2019 
  20. Engineered Fibrillar Fibronectin Networks as Three‐Dimensional Tissue Scaffolds, S. Jordahl, L. Solorio, D.B. Neale, S. McDermott, J.H. Jordahl, A. Fox, C. Dunlay, A. Xiao, M. Brown, M. Wicha, G.D. Luker, J. Lahann, Advanced Materials, 1904580, 2019
  21. Multi-Axial and Multi-Energy Channeling Study of Disorder Evolution in Ion-Irradiated Nickel, G. Velişa, K. Jin, Z. Fan, C. Lu, H. Bei, W.J. Weber, L. Wang, Y. Zhang, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 525, 92-101, 2019
  22. Oxide Growth and Dissolution on 316L Stainless Steel during Irradiation in High Temperature Water, R.D. Hanbury, G.S. Was, Corrosion Science, 157, 305-311, 2019
  23. Micro- and Nano-Scale Intermetallic Phases in AA2070-T8 and their Corrosion Behavior, Y. Zhu, K. Sun, J. Garves, L.G. Bland, J. Locke, J. Allison, G.S. Frankel, Electrochimica Acta, 319, 634-648, 2019 
  24. Microstructure Response of Ferritic/Martensitic Steel HT9 After Neutron Irradiation, C. Zheng, E.R. Reese, K.G. Field, E.A. Marquis, S.A. Maloy, D. Kaoumi, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 523, 421-433, 2019
  25. Dual Ion Irradiation of Commercial and Advanced Alloys: Evaluating Microstructural Resistance for High Dose Core Internals, C.R. Lear, M. Song, M. Wang, G.S. Was, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 516, 125-134, 2019
  26. Design of Bicontinuous Metallic Nanocomposites for High-Strength and Plasticity, Y. Cui, B. Derby, N. Li, A. Misra, Materials Design, 166, 107602, 2019
  27. Interfacial Reactions of Titanium/Gold Ohmic Contacts with Sn-Doped β-Ga2O3, M. Lee, R.L. Peterson, APL Materials, 7(2), 022524, 2019
  28. Synergistic Effect of 3D Current Collectors and ALD Surface Modification for High Coulombic Efficiency Lithium Metal Anodes, K. Chen, A.J. Sanchez, E. Kazyak, A.L. Davis, N.P. Dasgupta, Advanced Energy Materials, 9(4), 1802534, 2018
  29. Processing of Novel Pseudomorphic Cu–Mo Hierarchies in Thin Films, B. Derby, Y. Cui, J. Baldwin, R. Arróyave, M.J. Demkowicz, A. Misra, Materials Research Letters, 7(1), 1-11, 2018
  30. Atomic Layer Deposition and First Principles Modeling of Glassy Li3BO3-Li2CO3 Electrolytes for Solid-State Li Metal Batteries, E. Kazyak, K. Chen, A.L. Davis, S. Yu, A.J. Sanchez, J. Lasso, A.R. Bielinski, T. Thompson, J. Sakamoto, D.J. Siegel, N.P. Dasgupta, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 6(40), 19425-19437, 2018
  31. Role of Structural Hydroxyl Groups in Enhancing Performance of Electrochemically-Synthesized Bilayer V2O5, S. Tepavcevic, J.G. Connell, P.P. Lopes, M. Bachhav, B. Key, C. Valero-Vidal, E.J. Crumlin, V.R. Stamenkovic, N.M. Markovic, Nano Energy, 53, 449-457, 2018
  32. Sensitization and Stress Corrosion Crack Response of Dual Certified Type 304/304L Stainless Steel, K.B. Fisher, B.D. Miller, E.C. Johns, R. Hermer, C. Brown, E.A. Marquis, Corrosion, 74(7), 737-746, 2018
  33. Radiation Tolerance of Commercial and Advanced Alloys for Core Internals: A Comprehensive Microstructural Characterization, M. Song, C.R. Lear, C.M. Parish, M. Wang, G.S. Was, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 510, 396-413, 2018
  34. Evolution of Local Lattice Distortion under Irradiation in Medium- and High-Entropy Alloys, Y. Tong, G. Velisa, S. Zhao, W. Guo, T. Yang, K. Jin, C. Lu, H. Bei, J.Y.P. Ko, D.C. Pagan, Y. Zhang, L. Wang, F.X. Zhang, Materialia, 2, 73-81, 2018
  35. The Role of Surface Deformation in the Oxidation Response of Type 304 SS in High Temperature Deaerated Water, K.B. Fisher, B.D. Miller, E.C. Johns, E.A. Marquis, Corrosion Science, 141, 88-96, 2018
  36. Probing Long-Range Ordering in Nickel-Base Alloys with Proton Irradiation, M. Song, Y. Yang, M. Wang, W. Kuang, C.R. Lear, G.S. Was, Acta Materialia, 156, 446-462, 2018
  37. Omnidispersible Hedgehog Particles with Multilayer Coatings for Multiplexed Biosensing, D.G. Montjoy, J.H. Bahng, A. Eskafi, H. Hou, N.A. Kotov, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 140(25), 7835-7845, 2018
  38. Characteristic Orientation Relationships in Nanoscale Al-Al2Cu Eutectic, S.J. Wang, G. Liu, J. Wang, A. Misra, Materials Characterization, 142, 170-178, 2018
  39. Plasticity of Laser-Processed Nanoscale Al-Al2Cu Eutectic Alloy, S.J. Wang, G. Liu, D.Y. Xie, Q. Lei, B.P. Ramakrishnan, J. Mazumder, J. Wang, A. Misra, Acta Materialia, 156, 52-63, 2018
  40. Effects of Substrate Temperature and Deposition Rate on the Phase Separated Morphology of Co-Sputtered, Cu-Mo Thin Films B. Derby, Y. Cui, J.K. Baldwin, A. Misra, Thin Solid Films, 647, 50-56, 2018
  41. STEM and APT Characterization of Scale Formation on a La,Hf,Ti-doped NiCrAl Model Alloy, K.A. Unocic, Y. Chen, D. Shin, E.A. Marquis, B.A. Pint, Micron, 2018
  42. Deformation Behavior of β’ and β”’ Precipitates in Mg-RE Alloys, E.L.S. Solomon, E.A. Marquis, Materials Letters, 2018
  43. On α’ Composition in Thermally Annealed and Neutron-Irradiated Fe- 9-18Cr Alloys, E.R. Reese, M. Bachhav, P. Wells, T. Yamamoto, G.R. Odette, E.A. Marquis, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2018
  44. Dose Rate Dependence of Cr Precipitation in an Ion-Irradiated Fe-18Cr Alloy, E.R. Reese, N. Almirall, T. Yamamoto, S. Tumey, G.R. Odette, E.A. Marquis, Scripta Materialia, 146, 213–217, 2018
  45. The Effect of Cold Rolling on Grain Boundary Structure and Stress Corrosion Cracking Susceptibility of Twins in Alloy 690 in Simulated PWR Primary Water Environment, W. Kuang, G.S. Was, C. Miller, M. Kaufman, T. Alam, B. Gwalani, and R. Banerjee, Corrosion Science, 130, 126-137, 2018
  46. He+ Irradiation Induced Cracking and Exfoliating on the Surface of Ti3AlC2, H.H. Shen, F.Z. Li, H.B. Zhang, S.M. Peng, K. Sun, X.T. Zu, L. Ao, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 485, 262-272, 2017
  47. Shape Evolution of Highly Lattice-Mismatched InN/InGaN Nanowire Heterostructures, L. Yan, A. Hazari, P. Bhattacharya, J.M. Millunchick, Journal of Electronic Materials, 47(2), 966-972, 2017
  48. Structural Differences between Capped GaSb Nanostructures Grown by Stranski-Krastanov and Droplet Epitaxy Growth Modes, M. DeJarld, L. Yan, M. Luengo-Kovac, V. Sih, J.M. Millunchick, Journal of Applied Physics, 121(3), 34301, 2017
  49. Droplet Induced Compositional Inhomogeneities in GaAsBi, C.R. Tait, L. Yan, J.M. Millunchick, Applied Physics Letters, 111(4), 42105, 2017
  50. The Effect of Injected Interstitials on Void Formation in Self-Ion Irradiated Nickel Containing Concentrated Solid Solution Alloys, T. Yang, C. Lu, K. Jin, Y. Zhang, H. Bei, L. Wang, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 488, 328-337, 2017
  51. The Co-Evolution of Microstructure Features in Self-Ion Irradiated HT9 at Very High Damage Levels, E. Getto, G. Vancoevering, G.S. Was, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 484, 193-208, 2017
  52. The Oxidation of Alloy 690 in Simulated Pressurized Water Reactor Primary Water, W. Kuang, M. Song, P. Wang, and G.S. Was, Corrosion Science, 126, 227-237, 2017
  53. Effect of Laser Surface Remelting on the Microstructure and Properties of Al-Al2Cu-Si Ternary Eutectic Alloy, B.P. Ramakrishnan, Q. Lei, A. Misra, J. Mazumder, Scientific Reports, 7, 13468, 2017
  54. Radiation-Induced Segregation on Defect Clusters in Single-Phase Concentrated Solid-Solution Alloys, C. Lu, T. Yang, K. Jin, N. Gao, P. Xiu, Y. Zhang, F. Gao, H. Bei, W.J. Weber, K. Sun, Y. Dong, L. Wang, Acta Materialia, 127, 98-107, 2017
  55. Enhanced Radiation-Tolerant Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Steel and its Microstructure Evolution under Helium-Implantation and Heavy-Ion Irradiation, C. Lu, Z. Lu, X. Wang, R. Xie, Z. Li, M. Higgins, C. Liu, F. Gao, L. Wang, Scientific Reports, 7, 40343, 2017
  56. Intergranular Li Metal Propagation through Polycrystalline Li6.25Al0.25La3Zr2O12 Ceramic Electrolyte, E.J. Cheng, A. Sharafi, J. Sakamoto, Electrochimica Acta, 223, 85-91, 2017
  57. Microstructure of Localized Corrosion Front on Mg Alloys and the Relationship with Anodic Hydrogen Evolution, P.W. Chu, E. LeMire, E.A. Marquis, Corrosion Science, 128, 253-264, 2017
  58. Influence of a Silicon-Bearing Film on the Early Stage Oxidation of Pure Titanium. K. Chou, P.W. Chu, C.G. Levi, E.A. Marquis. Journal of Materials Science,  52(16), 9884-9894, 2017
  59. Contributions of Transported Prudhoe Bay Oil field Emissions to the Aerosol Population in Utqiagvik, Alaska, M.J. Gunsch, R.M. Kirpes, K.R. Kolesar, T.E. Barrett, S. China, R.J. Sheesley, A. Laskin, A. Wiedensohler, T. Tuch,  K.A. Pratt, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 10879-10892, 2017
  60. Computer-Controlled Raman Microspectroscopy (CC-Raman): A Method for the Rapid Characterization of Individual Atmospheric Aerosol Particles, R.L. Craig, A.L. Bondy, A.P. Ault, Aerosol Science and Technology, 51(9), 1099-1112, 2017
  61. Aerosol Emissions from Great Lakes Harmful Algal Blooms, N.W. May,  N.E. Olson, M. Panas, J.L. Axson, P.S. Tirella, R.M. Kirpes, R.L. Craig, M.J. Gunsch, S. China, A. Laskin, A.P. Ault, K.A. Pratt, Environmental Science and Technology, 52 (2), 397-405, 2017
  62. Effect of the Aerosol-Phase State on Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation from the Reactive Uptake of Isoprene-Derived Epoxydiols (IEPOX), Y. Zhang, Y. Chen, A.T. Lambe, N.E. Olson, Z. Lei, R.L. Craig, Z. Zhang, A. Gold, T.B. Onasch, J.T. Jayne, D.R. Worsnop, C.J. Gaston, J.A. Thornton, W. Vizuete, A.P. Ault, J.D. Surratt, Environmental Science & Technology Letters, 5, 167-174, 2018
  63. Structural Refinement and Nanomechanical Response of Laser Remelted Al- Al2Cu lamellar eutectic, Q. Lei, B.P. Ramakrishnan, S. Wang, Y. Wang, J. Mazumder, A. Misra, Materials Science & Engineering A, 706, 115–125, 2017
  64. Characterization of M2X formed under 5 MeV Fe2+ Irradiation, E. Getto, K. Sun, G.S. Was, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 485, 154-158, 2017
  65. The Effect of Injected Interstitials on Void Formation in Self-Ion Irradiated Nickel Containing Concentrated Solid Solution Alloys, T. Yang, C. Lu, K. Jin, M.L. Crespillo, Y. Zhang, H. Bei, L. Wang, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 488, 328-337, 2017
  66. Effect of Y/Ti Atomic Ratio on Microstructure of Oxide Dispersion Strengthened Alloys, C. Lu, Z. Lu, R. Xie, Z. Li, C. Liu, L. Wang, Materials Characterization, 134, 35-40, 2017
  67. Contributions of Transported Prudhoe Bay Oil Field Emissions to the Aerosol population in Utqiagvik, Alaska, M.J. Gunsch, R.M. Kirpes, K.R. Kolesar, T.E. Barrett, S. China, R.J. Sheesley, A. Laskin, A. Wiedensohler, T. Tuch, K.A. Pratt, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 17, 10879-10892, 2017
  68. Effects of Fe Concentration on the Ion-Irradiation Induced Defect Evolution and Hardening in Ni-Fe Solid Solution Alloys, K. Jin, W. Guo, C. Lu, M.W. Ullah, Y. Zhang, W.J. Weber, L. Wang, J.D. Poplawsky, H. Bei, Acta Materialia, 121, 365-373, 2016
  69. Lake Spray Aerosol Generation: A Method for Producing Representative Particles from Freshwater Wave Breaking, N.W. May, J.L. Axson, A. Watson, K.A. Pratt, A.P. Ault, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 9, 4311-4325, 2016
  70. Void Swelling and Microstructure Evolution at Very High Damage Levels in Self-Ion Irradiated Ferritic-Martensitic Steels, E. Getto, K. Sun, A.M. Monterrosa, Z. Jiao, M.J. Hackett, G.S. Was, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 480, 159-176, 2016
  71. High Performance Red-Emitting Multiple Layer InGaN/GaN Quantum Dot Lasers, T. Frost, A. Hazari, A. Aiello, M.Z. Baten, L. Yan, J. Mirecki-Millunchick and P. Bhattacharya, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, 55(3), 32101, 2016
  72. Methodology for Determining Void Swelling at Very High Damage under Ion Irradiation, E. Getto, K. Sun, S. Taller, A.M. Monterrosa, Z. Jiao, G.S. Was, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 477, 273-279, 2016
  73. Three Dimensional Imaging of Shear Bands in Bulk Metallic Glass Composites, A.H. Hunter, M. Gibbons, V. Araullo-Peters, O.D. Restrepo, S.R. Niezgoda, W. Windl, K.M. Flores, D.C. Hofmann, E.A. Marquis, Journal of Microscopy, 264(3), 304-310 , 2016
  74. Mechanism of Radiation Damage Reduction in Equiatomic Multicomponent Single Phase Alloys, F. Granberg, K. Nordlund, M.W. Ullah, K. Jin, C. Lu, H. Bei, L.M. Wang, F. Djurabekova, W.J. Weber, Y. Zhang, Physical Review Letters, 116, 135504, 2016
  75. Enhancing Radiation Tolerance by Controlling Defect Mobility and Migration Pathways in Multicomponent Single-Phase Alloys, C. Lu, L. Niu, N. Chen, K. Jin, T. Yang, P. Xiu, Y. Zhang, F. Gao, H. Bei, S. Shi, M. He, I.M. Robertson, W.J. Weber, L. Wang, Nature Communications, 7, 13564, 2016
  76. Elastic Strain Energy Control of the Precipitate Free Zone Around Primary Carbides in Nickel Base Alloy 725, M. Song, J.F. Wen, Z. Jiao, G.S Was, Acta Materialia, 120, 138-149, 2016
  77. Microstructure of HIPed and SPSed 9Cr-ODS Steel and its Effect on Helium Bubble Formation, C. Lu, Z. Lu, R. Xie, C. Liu, L. Wang, Journal of Nuclear Materials, 474, 65-75, 2016
  78. Direct Observation of Defect Range and Evolution in Ion-Irradiated Single Crystalline Ni and Ni Binary Alloys, C. Lu, K. Jin, L.K. Béland, F. Zhang, T. Yang, L. Qiao, Y.  Zhang, H. Bei, H.M. Christen, R.E. Stoller, L. Wang, Scientific Reports, 6, 19994, 2016
  79. Microstructure and Chemistry of Electrodeposited Mg Films, M.N. Bachhav, N.T. Hahn, K.R. Zavadil, E.G. Nelson, A.J. Crowe, B.M. Bartlett, P.W. Chu, V.J. Araullo-Peters, and E.A. Marquis, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 163(13), D1-D6, 2016
  80. Anodic Hydrogen Evolution and Localized Corrosion during Galvanostatic Polarization of a Peak-Aged Mg-Y-Nd-Zr Alloy, P.W. Chu, E.A. Marquis, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 163(8), C402-C409, 2016 
  81. Towards an Understanding of Tensile Deformation in Ti-Based Bulk Metallic Glass Matrix Composites with BCC Dendrites, J. Kolodziejska, H. Kozachkov, K. Kranjc, A. Hunter, E.A. Marquis, K. Flores, W. Johnson, D. Hofmann, Scientific Reports, 6, 22563, 2016